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Ayn Rand has been described as perhaps the most famous and greatest female philosopher of the Twentieth Century, perhaps of all times. She is the most widely read.
The Fountainhead's protago
Ayn Rand (20th January 1905 – 6th March 1982) was a Russian-American novelist, philosopher, playwright and screenwriter. She is known for her two best-selling novels and for developing a philosophical system called Objectivism. She first achieved fame with her 1943 novel The Fountainhead, which is more popular and widely read today than it was then.
Her political views, reflected in both her fiction and her theoretical work, emphasise individual rights (including property rights) and laissez-faire capitalism, enforced by constitutionally limited government. She was a fierce opponent of all forms of collectivism and statism, including fascism, communism, socialism and the welfare state, and promoted ethical egoism while rejecting the ethic of altruism. She considered reason to be the only means of acquiring knowledge and its advocacy the most important aspect of her philosophy, stating, "I am not primarily an advocate of capitalism, but of egoism; and I am not primarily an advocate of egoism, but of reason. If one recognises the supremacy of reason and applies it consistently, all the rest follows."